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A brief analysis of the development status and market opportunities of the Russian machine tool industry
Recently, China Machine Tool Industry Association visited the 'Russian International Machine Tool Equipment and Metal Processing Industry Exhibition MATALLOOBRABOTKA 2011' held in Moscow to inspect the development of the Russian machine tool industry. According to the introduction of the Russian Machine Tool Association, from 2008 to 2009, affected by the financial crisis, the Russian machine tool industry declined seriously, and began to rebound in the second half of 2010. In 2010, with the overall recovery of the Russian economy, the automobile industry increased by 27%, and the machine tool industry increased by 14%. The Russian government has issued two policies that will play a positive role in promoting the development of the Russian machine tool industry: First, the government will invest 1 billion US dollars in the machine tool industry from 2011 to 2016, of which 750 million US dollars will be used for product development, and 250 million US dollars will be used for Technological transformation to improve the production capacity of Russia's existing machine tool industry. The goal is to develop 50 to 60 new products every year. For new products developed, the import of similar machine tools is restricted within 3 years. From July 1, 2011, as long as the machine tools used in national defense and military industries are not allowed to be imported, the Machine Tool Association will be responsible for the review. Second, within five years from 2011, the Russian government will invest 300 billion US dollars in the construction of power facilities and nuclear power plants, mainly for the purchase of equipment. At the same time, Russia will invest 900 billion US dollars in military equipment (machine tools, warships, etc.) within 10 years, of which 400 billion US dollars will be used for the technical transformation of basic equipment. It can be seen that the Russian machine tool industry will receive unprecedented government support and huge market pull. It will undoubtedly play an important role in the rise of the Russian machine tool industry, and will also bring corresponding business opportunities to the global machine tool industry. Through participating in the exhibition machine tool association, we found the current situation of the development of the Russian machine tool industry, which contains a lot of market opportunities for my country's complete machine and CNC system enterprises. The association believes that my country's machine tool industry should give full play to its own advantages, take advantage of the opportunities of the transformation and development of Eastern European countries, actively seek technical cooperation, trade cooperation, financing mergers, investment and construction of factories, etc., and integrate into the Eastern European market as soon as possible. 1. The old Russian state-owned machine tool enterprise brands, such as Red Proletarians, Leningrad Machine Tool Factory, etc., could not be seen at the exhibition. It is unknown whether these enterprises have withdrawn from the stage of history. When I asked Russian exhibitors at the booth, some said that they had closed down, and some said that the enterprises had undergone great changes in the 1990s and had turned to other industries. It can be seen that the famous Russian machine tool factory in the past no longer produces machine tool products. It has become a fact. 2. Russia's small and medium-sized machine tool enterprises are on the rise. There are many medium and low-end CNC machine tools on display. The medium and high-end CNC machine tool products are still in their infancy. The high-end exhibits at the exhibition are still products from Germany, Japan and Switzerland, and there are no dazzling ones. Russian products. 3. The appearance of some CNC machine tool exhibits in Russia is not very beautiful and modern, but they can still show a good level of craftsmanship and processing quality of parts, without losing the image of Russian products with high rigidity and durability. We also saw a Russian exhibit at the exhibition, which has obvious characteristics of Chinese products and is suspected to be an OEM product, but the exhibitor denied it. 4. The CNC system in Russia is relatively backward, and there is no CNC system of its own brand. There was neither a separate Russian CNC system on display at the exhibition, nor a machine tool supporting the Russian CNC system. The CNC machine tools on display are basically equipped with foreign systems such as FANUC and SIEMENS. According to the status quo of my country's CNC system, it is completely possible to enter the Russian market with a medium and low-grade CNC system and to match the medium and low-grade CNC machine tools. 5. It can be seen from the exhibition that Russia's advanced manufacturing technology and CNC industry are far behind developed countries, and even not as good as my country's current level. Judging from the current situation of exhibitors and exhibits, the Russian machine tool industry is in a period of transformation, and most of the products of enterprises are transforming to CNC. When talking about the level of CNC engraving machines, they admit that there is a gap with the world's advanced level, and are seeking technical and trade cooperation to catch up with the international advanced level.