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German car manufacturing has matured and applied industrial robots
At this stage, industrial robots have been maturely applied in many industrial fields such as automobile manufacturing, metal processing, electrical and electronics in Germany. According to data from the International Federation of Robotics, in 2014, Germany had 292 industrial robots for every 10,000 manufacturing workers, second only to South Korea and Japan. At the same time, Germany's industrial robot manufacturing level is also the world's leading. The German government is now proposing the concept of Industry 4.0, which puts forward new requirements for future industrial robots. Patrick Schwarzkopf, head of the Robotics and Automation Department of the German Machinery Manufacturing Federation, said that in the era of Industry 4.0, robots will be highly interconnected and flexibly communicate with other devices with the help of Internet of Things technology. At the same time, the robot's ability to move and cooperate with people should be strengthened. Zhang Jianwei, a professor at the University of Hamburg in Germany and a robotics expert, believes that the smart factory of the future is not an unmanned factory, but requires closer collaboration between humans and machines. The workspace of traditional industrial robots and workers is usually isolated. The new generation of industrial robots must have the characteristics of flexibility, safety, and easy operation, and at the same time achieve high speed and precision, which is a great technical challenge. In addition, in the era of Industry 4.0, robots are no longer independent units. They need to have the ability to communicate with other smart devices, perceive the environment, and even integrate complex information to make decisions. Zhang Jianwei said that Industry 4.0 requires many technologies of intelligent robots to be integrated into larger production systems. Technologies such as knowledge modeling, physical simulation, and multi-sensor perception prediction based on cloud computing and big data are not only the key technologies of Industry 4.0, but also the key technologies of industrial robots. Therefore, the technological development of industrial robots can be said to be synchronized with Industry 4.0. Because of this, while the German government vigorously promotes the development of Industry 4.0, funding for robot-related technologies will also increase further. The German Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs has recently launched a series of technical development projects related to Industry 4.0. About 100 participants from industry and academia have cooperated on 14 specific projects, involving production, logistics, robotics, services and other fields. For example, in the 'Fast Factory' project, humans and robots will work together in the same environment to achieve low-cost, personalized production from design to finished product in a short time. Although no specific development strategy has been proposed at the national level, the German government's support for robots is reflected in long-term and stable funding. Over the years, the German Science Foundation, the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, and the Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs have launched various research funding projects to support the research and development of robotics-related technologies. At present, the German government's funding for industrial robots is mainly focused on a new generation of robot technology that can meet the needs of Industry 4.0 and face the future. Some experts believe that Germany can maintain a global leader in robot manufacturing. In addition to the huge demand for industrial automation, its advantages in machinery manufacturing, system control, software development and other aspects also make it natural for Germany to develop and manufacture industrial robots. In addition, Germany's combined Ru0026D system, good scientific research and technical personnel training mechanism, orderly competitive environment, strict intellectual property protection and other multiple guarantees also ensure the strong protection of German robot manufacturing and even the entire German industry. convoy.