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Intelligent robots help the manufacturing industry return, and the development prospects are exciting
The United States has always been leading in automation technology. The world's first robotic arm was born in the United States in 1961, and the United States is also at the leading level in the field of military robots. However, for a long time, the research and development of American robots has the problem of 'emphasizing theory and neglecting applicationIn 2011, the United States launched the 'National Robot Program' to increase investment in robot research and development and application, and American companies are also actively exploring the consumer robot market. The iRobot intelligent cleaning robot is hot selling in many countries and regions around the world is a typical example. Founded in 1990 by three researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, iRobot was initially a small contractor for the US military, manufacturing remote-controlled bomb disposal equipment. In 2002, the company launched its first household smart vacuum cleaner, which was a great success. By the end of 2015, the company had sold 14 million household robot products, including robot vacuum cleaners, swimming pool cleaning robots, etc., with sales revenue of 557 million in 2014. Dollar. In addition, the company's robots also participated in the exploration of the pyramids and solved the nuclear accident in Fukushima, Japan, which made it famous. The goal of the U.S. “National Robotics Program” is to “establish the U.S. leadership in next-generation robotics technology and applications,” and thereby help the U.S. manufacturing industry return. Carnegie Mellon University robotics expert Professor Manuela Verozzo once served as the president of the American Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence. She believes that the 'National Robotics Program' has achieved great success, leading a large amount of funds to be injected into robot research and development, which has made the American robotics industry go again. At the forefront, the United States has taken the lead in artificial intelligence, decision-making and autonomy. The participating institutions of the 'National Robotics Program' include the National Science Foundation, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Energy, the National Institutes of Health and other institutions. This program not only focuses on the exploration of cutting-edge technologies, but also on the latest technology application. In addition to home robots such as iRobot, American medical robots are also showing their style. The self-driving car developed by Google combines technologies such as automatic control, remote sensing and image analysis. The industry believes that the prospect of driverless cars entering the market is promising. Currently, Texas has allowed Google's self-driving cars to hit the road, while California has also issued a draft plan to regulate and regulate driverless cars. In addition to consumer robots, with the advancement of the US manufacturing industry, the number of industrial robots in the United States has increased significantly. According to the statistics of the American Robot Industry Federation, from 2010 to 2014, the number of industrial robots in the United States increased by an average of 40% annually. Professor Velozzo said that one of the development directions of robots in the future is 'cobots'. The relationship between humans and robots is not to replace each other, but to complement each other, improve efficiency, and integrate robots into production and life as an organic part. Robot-human collaboration is also the focus of the U.S. National Robotics Program, which aims to improve manufacturing efficiency and complete dangerous tasks that cannot be accomplished by humans. At present, robots have intersected with other disciplines such as big data and artificial intelligence, and the prospect of intelligent robots is exciting.