Drivers for Germany's push for smart factories
In addition to the technical background, the main reason for the implementation of the German government is to integrate Internet technology, information and communication technology into the traditional manufacturing industry, in order to maintain its global market leadership, and to establish and cultivate new markets for the promotion of CPS technology and products, Become a major supplier of intelligent manufacturing technology. Fundamentally speaking, as the most important manufacturing country in the world, Germany is facing the huge challenge of upgrading and transforming the manufacturing field in the Internet era. At present, the IT industry's aggressive attack on traditional manufacturing industry and the massive investment in technology development in traditional manufacturing field have made the German government constantly remind German entrepreneurs that they must have a deep sense of crisis to maintain Germany's leading position in the manufacturing industry. If the German manufacturing industry cannot carry out an innovative revolution in time, one day Google, Microsoft, Apple, etc. will become new giants in manufacturing. It can be said that the impact of the development of Internet technology on the life cycle of products and even enterprises has violently impacted the status of Germany as a manufacturing power. Therefore, Germany must be upgraded from a manufacturing power to a super manufacturing power through new innovations and changes, so as to maintain its leading position in the field of machinery manufacturing. The promotion of smart factories and smart production is an important means to achieve this goal. The reasons why Germany vigorously promotes smart factories, specifically: The first factor is the strong impact of the Internet era on traditional manufacturing. The rapid development of technology, especially IT ICT, in the last decade or so has become an important driver of innovation in all industries and application areas. Internet technology has had a profound impact on the development of human society. If the manufacturing industry still operates according to the original design, manufacture, production and planning methods, it is far from being able to meet the needs of the market, customers and technological development. How to apply the Internet and IT technology to traditional industries has become a top priority. Therefore, if Germany wants to maintain its leading position in the field of global equipment manufacturing, it must not only continue to carry forward the spirit of consistently focusing on innovation and creation, but also organically combine Internet technology with traditional industries through the implementation of the Industry 4.0 strategy. Transforming traditional industries to meet new marketing concepts, new market demands and new technological development requirements, once again enhancing its global competitiveness, becoming the supplier and leader of industrial manufacturing technology in the Internet era, and integrating this systematic engineering Promote to the world and maintain its position as the leader of the global manufacturing industry. The second factor is the impact of the globalization of the world economy on the product life cycle. Due to the flattening of the world economy brought about by the Internet era, it has brought about new challenges in how to maintain sustainable development of the industrial industry, and has brought about fundamental changes in the product life cycle caused by the openness of information and the rapidity of dissemination. Therefore, the design and construction of manufacturing plants need to meet the needs of global manufacturing layout, flexibility of manufacturing methods, shortened product life cycles and sustainable enterprise development. These needs are what the Industry 4.0 strategy addresses in all industrial sectors. The purpose of the smart factory is to generate a new type of manufacturing mode. From the technical point of view of purely producing products, this new manufacturing mode must be able to adapt to the new changes in the product life cycle. In the past ten years, experts in the machinery manufacturing industry have made a lot of efforts to improve production efficiency and increase production flexibility, such as mechatronics, management and control integration, CIMS, digital factory, virtual factory, etc. If the above problems are not well solved, in practice and development, people gradually realize that the solution of these problems cannot be achieved by transforming the manufacturing method alone. This kind of change requires the integration of dynamic management at all stages of product development, production, marketing, service, operation and recycling. This is precisely the primary task of building a smart factory. The third factor is the promotion of smart manufacturing to consolidate Germany's leading position in manufacturing. When Germany promotes the national policy of Industry 4.0, it focuses on smart factories, which is related to how Germany can continue to occupy the commanding heights of traditional industries and create new competitive advantages in the country's manufacturing industry. Germany, a veteran industrial powerhouse, expects to realize the purpose of upgrading German industrial manufacturing from automation to intelligence and networking through the fourth industrial revolution led by intelligent manufacturing, and implement the two strategies of intelligent factory and intelligent production. Intelligent transformation achieves global intelligence. Germany emphasizes that the focus of the fourth revolution is the change in the mode of production and manufacturing, which is also inseparable from the fact that German manufacturing plays a pivotal role in the German economy. Germany has strong equipment and machine tool manufacturing capabilities, and promoting the construction of smart factories can comprehensively enhance the overall strength of the German industry and trigger the entire manufacturing industry chain (reference of information technology, production logistics management technology, automation control technology, mechatronics Subversive changes in technology, scientific research and development of industrial technology products, 3D technology, management technology of complex industrial processes, electronic embedded system technology, etc.). At the same time, this project can also mobilize and attract a large number of small and medium-sized enterprises in the entire industrial manufacturing chain to participate. Participants, developers, users and beneficiaries of technology, so as to continue to maintain Germany's leading position in the entire industry chain.