The United States officially implemented the 'reindustrialization' strategic plan

by:Gewinn     2022-04-25
The United States officially launched the 'Advanced Manufacturing Partnership Program' in June 2011, which aims to accelerate the seizure of the commanding heights of advanced manufacturing in the 21st century. Subsequently, the United States will also tilt toward manufacturing in terms of taxation, foreign trade, and investment policies. At the same time, with the rising cost of overseas labor and the challenges brought by various factors such as ultra-long supply chains, more and more American companies are considering or have already moved their production bases originally located overseas back to the United States. Many manufacturing products are being transformed into 'Made in AmericaSome U.S. companies have taken some steps to transfer manufacturing jobs back to the United States, such as Starbucks, GE and other companies. The U.S. Department of Commerce’s first-quarter report shows that the U.S. manufacturing industry has experienced a decline in foreign investment and an increase in tax profits, the U.S. “reindustrialization” strategy is taking effect, and the U.S. real economy is showing signs of revival. Although the report did not explicitly mention the trend of manufacturing repatriation, it suggested that the comparative advantage of the United States is returning. Just two years ago, there was a lot of rhetoric about the 'hollowing out' of American manufacturing at home and abroad, and some people even thought that 'Made in America' u200bu200bwas no longer as good as 'Made in China'. Whether it’s in regular American shopping malls such as Macy’s, or factory-direct outlet stores, a large part of the products sold in it are produced in foreign countries, and many international famous brands’ full-line products are made in China. . Manufacturing has been the backbone of the U.S. economy since industrialization. After World War II, the US manufacturing industry experienced a process of 'absolutely strong - gradually declining - reshaping its advantages' in the competition with Japan, Germany and other countries. In the meantime, all circles in the United States have reached a consensus on the status and role of manufacturing, that is, no matter what era, manufacturing is an important production sector that creates wealth, provides employment opportunities and promotes innovation. However, since the 1980s, the United States has taken a detour in which the manufacturing industry has become increasingly 'hollow'. The virtual economy with the developed capital market as the main body gradually takes the dominant position, the real economy continues to shrink, until the important manufacturing industry is increasingly 'hollowed out' and the unemployment rate is rising. It was not until the international financial crisis that broke out four years ago that the US government and people of insight were awakened, and the US government began to revive the manufacturing industry. In fact, the global economic crisis caused by the subprime mortgage crisis in the United States four years ago and the European debt crisis in Europe gave birth to a new round of global manufacturing changes. In the wave of economic globalization that appeared in the 1970s and 1980s, China became a typical successful example of the last round of global manufacturing reform. In that change, developed countries moved their manufacturing industries to developing countries, from the initial transfer of low-end processing links to later assembly, research and development and other higher levels. Developing countries attract the world's manufacturing industries through low labor costs and land prices. That's how, in a pile of orders, China has become the 'world's factory'. Thirty years have passed, and Chinese manufacturing enterprises are faced with high labor costs, heavy tax burdens, declining corporate profits and difficult survival. In the current global integration, the situation of China's manufacturing industry reflects the reconstruction of the global manufacturing industry. Developed countries such as Europe and the United States have proposed 're-industrialization'. They either build the entire industrial chain, or return some processing links to their home countries. More technology The processing factories of clothing, shoes and hats with low content are withdrawn from China and transferred to Myanmar, Vietnam and other countries, because there are cheaper labor and land. China, on the other hand, has no choice but to move up the industrial chain. In fact, the rhetoric about the decline of U.S. manufacturing has only seen a small evolution in U.S. manufacturing. In fact, these high value-added and high-margin products are truly 'Made in AmericaIt's just that this 'Made in America' u200bu200bhas risen to a higher level of 'Created in America' u200bu200bor 'Designed in America'. After a gradual process, the highest end of the industrial chain is in European and American countries, and developed countries will return some or all of the industrial chain to their own countries. For example, Apple's added value is high, so if the cost control requirements are not very high, Apple's manufacturing may return. The processing industry at the lowest end of the industrial chain has shifted to countries such as Southeast Asia and Africa. The 're-industrialization' of developed countries will have a greater impact on China's emerging industries. China's high-tech, new energy, electronics and automobile-related industries will be affected.
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